2. Git 基礎
3. 使用 Git 分支
4. 伺服器上的 Git
5. 分散式的 Git
7. Git 工具
10. Git Internals
6.4 GitHub - Managing an organization
Managing an organization
In addition to single-user accounts, GitHub has what are called Organizations. Like personal accounts, Organizational accounts have a namespace where all their projects exist, but many other things are different. These accounts represent a group of people with shared ownership of projects, and there are many tools to manage subgroups of those people. Normally these accounts are used for Open Source groups (such as “perl” or “rails”) or companies (such as “google” or “twitter”).
An organization is pretty easy to create; just click on the “+” icon at the top-right of any GitHub page, and select “New organization” from the menu.
First you’ll need to name your organization and provide an email address for a main point of contact for the group. Then you can invite other users to be co-owners of the account if you want to.
Follow these steps and you’ll soon be the owner of a brand-new organization. Like personal accounts, organizations are free if everything you plan to store there will be open source.
As an owner in an organization, when you fork a repository, you’ll have the choice of forking it to your organization’s namespace. When you create new repositories you can create them either under your personal account or under any of the organizations that you are an owner in. You also automatically “watch” any new repository created under these organizations.
Just like in 你的頭像, you can upload an avatar for your organization to personalize it a bit. Also just like personal accounts, you have a landing page for the organization that lists all of your repositories and can be viewed by other people.
Now let’s cover some of the things that are a bit different with an organizational account.
Organizations are associated with individual people by way of teams, which are simply a grouping of individual user accounts and repositories within the organization and what kind of access those people have in those repositories.
For example, say your company has three repositories:
frontend and maybe
backend, and your Operations people to have access to
Teams make this easy, without having to manage the collaborators for every individual repository.
The Organization page shows you a simple dashboard of all the repositories, users and teams that are under this organization.
To manage your Teams, you can click on the Teams sidebar on the right hand side of the page in The Organization page.. This will bring you to a page you can use to add members to the team, add repositories to the team or manage the settings and access control levels for the team. Each team can have read only, read/write or administrative access to the repositories. You can change that level by clicking the “Settings” button in The Team page..
When you invite someone to a team, they will get an email letting them know they’ve been invited.
@mentions (such as
@acmecorp/frontend) work much the same as they do with individual users, except that all members of the team are then subscribed to the thread.
This is useful if you want the attention from someone on a team, but you don’t know exactly who to ask.
A user can belong to any number of teams, so don’t limit yourself to only access-control teams.
Special-interest teams like
refactoring are useful for certain kinds of questions, and others like
colorblind for an entirely different kind.
Organizations also give owners access to all the information about what went on under the organization. You can go to the Audit Log tab and see what events have happened at an organization level, who did them and where in the world they were done.
You can also filter down to specific types of events, specific places or specific people.