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Topics ▾ Version 2.0.3 ▾ git-log last updated in 2.0.1

NAME

git-log - Show commit logs

SYNOPSIS

'git log' [<options>] [<revision range>] [[\--] <path>...]

DESCRIPTION

Shows the commit logs.

The command takes options applicable to the git rev-list command to control what is shown and how, and options applicable to the git diff-* commands to control how the changes each commit introduces are shown.

OPTIONS

--follow

Continue listing the history of a file beyond renames (works only for a single file).

--no-decorate
--decorate[=short|full|no]

Print out the ref names of any commits that are shown. If short is specified, the ref name prefixes refs/heads/, refs/tags/ and refs/remotes/ will not be printed. If full is specified, the full ref name (including prefix) will be printed. The default option is short.

--source

Print out the ref name given on the command line by which each commit was reached.

--use-mailmap

Use mailmap file to map author and committer names and email addresses to canonical real names and email addresses. See linkgit:git-shortlog[1].

--full-diff

Without this flag, git log -p <path>... shows commits that touch the specified paths, and diffs about the same specified paths. With this, the full diff is shown for commits that touch the specified paths; this means that "<path>…" limits only commits, and doesn’t limit diff for those commits.

Note that this affects all diff-based output types, e.g. those produced by --stat, etc.

--log-size

Include a line “log size <number>” in the output for each commit, where <number> is the length of that commit’s message in bytes. Intended to speed up tools that read log messages from git log output by allowing them to allocate space in advance.

-L <start>,<end>:<file>
-L :<regex>:<file>

Trace the evolution of the line range given by "<start>,<end>" (or the funcname regex <regex>) within the <file>. You may not give any pathspec limiters. This is currently limited to a walk starting from a single revision, i.e., you may only give zero or one positive revision arguments. You can specify this option more than once.

<revision range>

Show only commits in the specified revision range. When no <revision range> is specified, it defaults to HEAD (i.e. the whole history leading to the current commit). origin..HEAD specifies all the commits reachable from the current commit (i.e. HEAD), but not from origin. For a complete list of ways to spell <revision range>, see the Specifying Ranges section of linkgit:gitrevisions[7].

[\--] <path>…

Show only commits that are enough to explain how the files that match the specified paths came to be. See History Simplification below for details and other simplification modes.

Paths may need to be prefixed with ‘`-- '’ to separate them from options or the revision range, when confusion arises.

EXAMPLES

git log --no-merges

Show the whole commit history, but skip any merges

git log v2.6.12.. include/scsi drivers/scsi

Show all commits since version v2.6.12 that changed any file in the include/scsi or drivers/scsi subdirectories

git log --since="2 weeks ago" -- gitk

Show the changes during the last two weeks to the file gitk. The “--” is necessary to avoid confusion with the branch named gitk

git log --name-status release..test

Show the commits that are in the "test" branch but not yet in the "release" branch, along with the list of paths each commit modifies.

git log --follow builtin/rev-list.c

Shows the commits that changed builtin/rev-list.c, including those commits that occurred before the file was given its present name.

git log --branches --not --remotes=origin

Shows all commits that are in any of local branches but not in any of remote-tracking branches for origin (what you have that origin doesn’t).

git log master --not --remotes=*/master

Shows all commits that are in local master but not in any remote repository master branches.

git log -p -m --first-parent

Shows the history including change diffs, but only from the “main branch” perspective, skipping commits that come from merged branches, and showing full diffs of changes introduced by the merges. This makes sense only when following a strict policy of merging all topic branches when staying on a single integration branch.

git log -L '/int main/',/^}/:main.c

Shows how the function main() in the file main.c evolved over time.

git log -3

Limits the number of commits to show to 3.

DISCUSSION

CONFIGURATION

See linkgit:git-config[1] for core variables and linkgit:git-diff[1] for settings related to diff generation.

format.pretty

Default for the --format option. (See Pretty Formats above.) Defaults to medium.

i18n.logOutputEncoding

Encoding to use when displaying logs. (See Discussion above.) Defaults to the value of i18n.commitEncoding if set, and UTF-8 otherwise.

log.date

Default format for human-readable dates. (Compare the --date option.) Defaults to "default", which means to write dates like Sat May 8 19:35:34 2010 -0500.

log.showroot

If false, git log and related commands will not treat the initial commit as a big creation event. Any root commits in git log -p output would be shown without a diff attached. The default is true.

mailmap.*

See linkgit:git-shortlog[1].

notes.displayRef

Which refs, in addition to the default set by core.notesRef or GIT_NOTES_REF, to read notes from when showing commit messages with the log family of commands. See linkgit:git-notes[1].

May be an unabbreviated ref name or a glob and may be specified multiple times. A warning will be issued for refs that do not exist, but a glob that does not match any refs is silently ignored.

This setting can be disabled by the --no-notes option, overridden by the GIT_NOTES_DISPLAY_REF environment variable, and overridden by the --notes=<ref> option.

GIT

Part of the linkgit:git[1] suite