Setup and Config
Getting and Creating Projects
Branching and Merging
Sharing and Updating Projects
Inspection and Comparison
- 2.0.2 → 2.0.3 no changes
- 2.0.1 06/25/14
- 1.9.3 → 2.0.0 no changes
- 1.9.2 04/09/14
- 1.9.1 no changes
- 1.9.0 02/14/14
- 22.214.171.124 → 126.96.36.199 no changes
- 1.8.4 08/23/13
- 188.8.131.52 07/22/13
- 184.108.40.206 07/15/13
- 220.127.116.11 no changes
- 18.104.22.168 06/10/13
- 22.214.171.124 → 1.8.3 no changes
- 126.96.36.199 04/07/13
- 188.8.131.52 04/07/13
- 184.108.40.206 → 220.127.116.11 no changes
- 1.8.1 12/31/12
- 18.104.22.168 12/27/12
- 22.214.171.124 → 126.96.36.199 no changes
- 188.8.131.52 07/11/12
git-diff-index - Compare a tree to the working tree or index
'git diff-index' [-m] [--cached] [<common diff options>] <tree-ish> [<path>...]
Compares the content and mode of the blobs found in a tree object with the corresponding tracked files in the working tree, or with the corresponding paths in the index. When <path> arguments are present, compares only paths matching those patterns. Otherwise all tracked files are compared.
The id of a tree object to diff against.
do not consider the on-disk file at all
By default, files recorded in the index but not checked out are reported as deleted. This flag makes git diff-index say that all non-checked-out files are up to date.
You can choose whether you want to trust the index file entirely (using the --cached flag) or ask the diff logic to show any files that don’t match the stat state as being "tentatively changed". Both of these operations are very useful indeed.
If --cached is specified, it allows you to ask:
show me the differences between HEAD and the current index contents (the ones I'd write using 'git write-tree')
For example, let’s say that you have worked on your working directory, updated some files in the index and are ready to commit. You want to see exactly what you are going to commit, without having to write a new tree object and compare it that way, and to do that, you just do
git diff-index --cached HEAD
Example: let’s say I had renamed
git-commit.c, and I had
update-index to make that effective in the index file.
git diff-files wouldn’t show anything at all, since the index file
matches my working directory. But doing a git diff-index does:
torvalds@ppc970:~/git> git diff-index --cached HEAD -100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 commit.c +100644 blob 4161aecc6700a2eb579e842af0b7f22b98443f74 git-commit.c
You can see easily that the above is a rename.
git diff-index --cached should always be entirely equivalent to
actually doing a git write-tree and comparing that. Except this one is much
nicer for the case where you just want to check where you are.
So doing a
git diff-index --cached is basically very useful when you are
asking yourself "what have I already marked for being committed, and
what’s the difference to a previous tree".
The "non-cached" mode takes a different approach, and is potentially the more useful of the two in that what it does can’t be emulated with a git write-tree + git diff-tree. Thus that’s the default mode. The non-cached version asks the question:
show me the differences between HEAD and the currently checked out tree - index contents _and_ files that aren't up-to-date
which is obviously a very useful question too, since that tells you what you could commit. Again, the output matches the git diff-tree -r output to a tee, but with a twist.
The twist is that if some file doesn’t match the index, we don’t have
a backing store thing for it, and we use the magic "all-zero" sha1 to
show that. So let’s say that you have edited
have not actually done a git update-index on it yet - there is no
"object" associated with the new state, and you get:
torvalds@ppc970:~/v2.6/linux> git diff-index --abbrev HEAD :100644 100664 7476bb... 000000... kernel/sched.c
i.e., it shows that the tree has changed, and that
kernel/sched.c has is
not up-to-date and may contain new stuff. The all-zero sha1 means that to
get the real diff, you need to look at the object in the working directory
directly rather than do an object-to-object diff.
As with other commands of this type, git diff-index does not
actually look at the contents of the file at all. So maybe
|You can have a mixture of files show up as "has been updated" and "is still dirty in the working directory" together. You can always tell which file is in which state, since the "has been updated" ones show a valid sha1, and the "not in sync with the index" ones will always have the special all-zero sha1.|
Part of the linkgit:git suite